Minneapolis came up
around the only waterfalls on the Mississippi River, the Saint Anthony
Falls. The Falls were named by the first European to settle in the area
that is now
called Minneapolis, Father Louis Hennepin. Fort Snelling was the point
from which the villages and towns grew into a city. The area surrounding
the fort was restricted to the military personnel only and individuals who
had prior permission from 1840. People could only settle on the
northeastern side of the river.
Colonel John H. Steven started the ferry
service in the mid nineteenth century and was the only individual allowed
to settle on the southwest part of the river. The land under the forts
jurisdiction was drastically reduced by the president and people allowed
to settle in the area. Minneapolis was incorporated as a town in 1856 and
as a city eleven years later. The University of Minnesota is one of the
largest campus in the United States with over forty five thousand
undergraduate and graduate enrolled students. The city growth was
tremendous during and after the Civil war, outgrowing it's neighbor, St.
Anthony and later merging with it in 1872. In the early twentieth century
Minneapolis was ranked number one in grain production in the world and was
nicknamed the milling capital of the world.
Prestigious companies such as
General Mills and Pillsbury (before it was acquired by General Mills) are
based in the city. Today Industries such as Financial and medical have
taken up the mantle but the city still goes by the name mill city.
Minneapolis, in terms of Indoor space, has the largest shopping mall in
the country. Organized crime hit the city between 1920 and 1940. The
gangster running the show at that time was Kid Cann. The crimes were;
prostitution, bootlegging and racketeering. The 50s and 60s saw a
reconstruction boom of the downtown area. With the opening of the Walker
Arts Center, Minneapolis took center stage in the country, in the arts
department. In the 90s, gang violence escalated to new highs. Minneapolis recorded over ninety five homicides in 1995, gaining the terrible name, "Murderpolis."
The murder rate obviously came down but the nickname still haunts the
residents of Minneapolis. Here are a few demographics for the city of
Minneapolis; As of 2000, living in the city are 73,870 families. 65.13% of
the population are White, 17.99% are African American, 7.63% are Hispanic
or Latino, 6.13% are of Asian origin, 2.19%
are Native American and 0.08% Pacific Islander. Minneapolis enjoys are
healthy hotel industry. Here are a few hotels, Lodges and Inns to keep in
Mind while traveling to the city; Days Inn, Econo Lodge, Doubletree Hotel
Park Place, Four Points by Sheraton, Hilton Downtown, Hyatt Regency
Downtown, Millennium Hotel, Radisson Hotel Metrodome, Ramada Inn and
Sofitel. Three of the major sports franchises in the United States have
their home base in Minneapolis. They are; Minnesota Vikings (National
Football League), Minnesota Timberwolves (National Basketball Association)
and the Minnesota Twins (Major League Baseball). Other teams are the
Minnesota Vixens and the Minnesota Lynx.