Jean Baptist Point Du
Sable was the first non native settler to the area that is now Chicago in
the late eighteenth century. Jean was a Haitian originating from Africa.
of settlement was on the Chicago River. Chicago in 1795, the Native
American occupying the area that is now Chicago surrendered to the United
States and signed the treaty of Greenville. The country used the area as a
military post. Fort Dearborn which was completely annihilated in the War
of 1812, known as the Fort Dearborn Massacre, was built in 1803. The Fort
was rebuilt in 1816 and remained in use for the next twenty one years.
Chicago was established as a town in 1833, with a population of three
hundred and fifty residents. In 1848, with the completion of the Galena &
Chicago Union Railroad, became the first rail line to the city of Chicago.
The city of Chicago went on to become the largest railway hub in the
country. Retailers such as Roebuck&Co, Montgomery Ward and Sears, grew
from the accessibility that Chicago offered, with rail, road, water and
air, to provide catalog shopping using this connections. The city level
was taken up a notch between four to seven feet in 1855.
the sixteenth president of the United States, got his nomination to vie
for the presidency in 1860 from the Republican National Convention in
Chicago. The Great Chicago Fire in 1871 nearly finished the entire city.
In 1885 after the city had rebuilt, it got it's first skyscraper. The
Chicago World's Fair in 1893, put Chicago on the world map. Chicago's
water source is from Lake Michigan and in the beginning of the twentieth
century the flow of direction for the Chicago River was changed so as to
prevent it from contaminating the cities water source.
The Chicago River
was redirected to Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal which at the end
finished off in the Mississippi River. As part of the Top secret Manhattan
Project, which took place at the University of Chicago, the world's first
controlled nuclear reaction was conducted in 1942. Here are a few
demographics for Chicago; The number families living in Chicago is
632,909, as of 2000. 41.97% of the population are White, 36.77% are
African American, 26.02% are Hispanic or Latino, 4.35% are of Asian
origin, 0.36% are Native American and 0.06% Pacific Islander. Chicago is
the 3rd largest city in the country, the largest in the state of Illinois,
having around 2.87 million residents as of 2003. Chicago ranks as having some of the
finest hotels in the world. Accommodation is readily available also at the
various Lodges and Inns in and around the city. They are; Days Inn Gold
Coast Hotel, Best Western Hawthorne Terrace Hotel, Best Western River
North Hotel, Cass Hotel, Courtyard by Marriott Chicago Downtown, Four
Seasons Hotel Chicago, Homewood Suites by Hilton, Le Meridien, Omni
Chicago Hotel and Radisson Hotel & Suites Downtown. Chicago has all the
four major sports franchises in the United States based in the city. They
are; Chicago Bears (National Football League), Chicago Blackhawks
(National Hockey League), Chicago Cubs (Major League Baseball) Chicago
Bulls (National Basketball Association) and Chicago White Sox (Major
League Baseball) The other team is the Chicago Fire (Major League Soccer).